Medical University of Vienna
Medical University of Vienna
People suffering from obesity are at a significantly greater risk of also developing mental disorders. This applies to all age groups, whereby women are more at risk than men for most diseases, as a recent study by the Medical University of Vienna and the Complexity Science Hub Vienna shows. The results were published in the specialist journal "Translational Psychiatry".
The collections of the Josephinum contain approximately 400 photographs by Max Schneider, including leading figures of Viennese medicine such as Julius Wagner-Jauregg, Clemens Pirquet and Guido Holzknecht. To mark the 100th anniversary of his work at the Medical Faculty, the predecessor of the Medical University of Vienna, the Medical Collections of MedUni Vienna will be exhibiting the work and life of the "Master of Physician Portraits" for the first time, starting on 1 June 2023. A press tour will be conducted on 30 May 2023.
Tests for gestational diabetes are currently routinely offered in the 24th to 28th week of pregnancy according to the specifications of the mother-child passport examinations, so that therapy can only be initiated then if necessary. An international study with the participation of the Medical University of Vienna has now shown for the first time that treatment of gestational diabetes at an even earlier stage of pregnancy offers additional protection for babies and mothers against complications. The results of the study were published in the renowned New England Journal of Medicine.
Common Variable Immunodeficiency (CVID) is the most common symptomatic primary immunodeficiency in humans. Patients suffer from recurrent infections of the upper and lower respiratory tract but many of them also develop more severe symptoms such as granulomas, lymphomas and autoimmune diseases. An international team of researchers led by MedUni Vienna has now discovered why some CVID patients develop an autoimmune disease and others do not. The results of the study were published in the journal Cell Reports.
The MedUni Vienna exhibition series "Art - Action - Attitude" is currently focusing on "pain". Medical comics are used to depict challenging situations in everyday medical life. The exhibition can be viewed free of charge until 30 June 2023 at the MedUni Vienna Lecture Hall Centre at the University Hospital Vienna. Opening hours and access information is available at www.meduniwien.ac.at/medical-comics. A symposium on 1 June 2023 will bring together artists in this field at MedUni Vienna.
The internationally renowned geneticist Josef Penninger will take over the professorship for Personalized Medicine (UG, Â§98) at the Medical University of Vienna from 1 July 2023.
Faecal incontinence: New surgical treatment being tested at University Hospital Vienna and MedUni Vienna
Faecal incontinence is a major taboo subject and, if left untreated, usually restricts the quality of life of those severely affected. Under the leadership of surgeon Stefan Riss from the Department of General Surgery at MedUni Vienna and the University Hospital Vienna, a study has been launched into a new surgical treatment method. A new anal band is being tested, which should seal the anus better than previous methods and enable long term controlled bowel movements.
Pioneering MRI imaging method captures brain glucose metabolism without the need for administration of radioactive substances
Metabolic disorders play a central role in many common conditions, including Alzheimer's, depression, diabetes and cancer, which call for reliable as well as non-invasive diagnostic procedures. Until now, radioactive substances have been administered as part of the process of mapping glucose metabolism in the brain. Now, though, a MedUni Vienna research team has developed a completely new magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) approach. Using a harmless glucose solution, the procedure generates reliable results and - in principle - can be used with all common MRI scanners. The findings from the study have just been published in the respected scientific journal Nature Biomedical Engineering.
A project team led by Igor Grabovac from Department of Social and Preventive Medicine at the Medical University of Vienna's Center for Public Health has been awarded a prestigious Horizon Europe Grant for the "Co-CAPTAIN" project. The aim of the project is to reduce health inequalities for people with mental ill-health and to improve their access to appropriate services. The grant is endowed with 2.5 million euros.
A recent study involving MedUni Vienna and University Hospital Vienna has identified a significant advance in the treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL). The results of the randomised Phase III CLL13 (GAIA) study show that a time-limited and targeted therapy with venetoclax and obinutuzumab is more effective than chemoimmunotherapy in patients without comorbidities. The findings have the potential to revolutionize the standard of care for CLL patients and offer them a better quality of life. The study was published in the prestigious journal The New England Journal of Medicine.
Brain tumours are among the most common malignant diseases in children and make up the most frequent cause of cancer-related death in this age group due to their often highly aggressive progression. In their search for better treatment options, the research team headed by Johannes Gojo from MedUni Vienna's Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine has now succeeded in establishing two promising new methods that will make it much easier to diagnose, choose a therapy and monitor the response to treatment in future. The study results were recently published in the specialist journals Acta Neuropathologica and Cancers.
Until the mid-1990s, epidemiological studies showed that, on average, male lung cancer patients in Austria died earlier than female patients. A recently published analysis by MedUni Vienna shows that the tide has turned: While the average age at death for men is continuously increasing, there has been no statistically significant improvement for women in recent decades. The researchers cite different developments in the smoking habits of the sexes as a possible explanation and advocate increased prevention in female adolescents. The study was recently published in the journal Frontiers in Public Health.
A new type of aortic prosthesis was implanted for the first time in Austria at the Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of General Surgery and the Division of Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology, Department of Biomedical Imaging and Image-guided Therapy of the University Hospital Vienna and MedUni Vienna. The prosthesis was made especially for a 62-year-old patient with a 5.5 cm abdominal aortic aneurysm. As the aneurysm had already extended to the renal arteries, it was not possible to use a conventional stent graft. Now, the new therapy option also enables patients with a complex aortic aneurysm to undergo gentle endovascular treatment.
A global study led by Gerald Prager of the Department of Medicine I and the Comprehensive Cancer Center (CCC) Vienna, a joint MedUni Vienna and University Hospital Vienna facility, and co-workers has demonstrated that the prognosis for patients with metastatic colorectal cancer can be significantly improved. The new treatment standard, comprising a combination of targeted treatment and oral chemotherapy, is expected to start benefiting Austrian patients very soon. The study has just been published in the New England Journal of Medicine.
Harun Fajkovic, Deputy Head of the Department of Urology at MedUni Vienna and Vienna General Hospital, has taken up a professorship in Urological-Oncological Surgery (§99(1)) at MedUni Vienna as of the beginning of May.
First successful lung transplant in Kiev with the assistance of MedUni Vienna and the University Hospital Vienna
A team from the Kiev University Hospital completed several months of training at the Department of Thoracic Surgery at MedUni Vienna and University Hospital Vienna as part of the Vienna Lung Transplant Programme 2021. In March 2023, the first lung transplant was successfully performed in Kiev.