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Results 21 - 40 of 3650.

Innovation - Criminology / Forensics - 28.09.2023
TU Delft and the police increase joint impact
Today, 28 September 2023, TU Delft and the police have strengthened their partnership by signing a framework agreement. The police and TU Delft are already successfully working together in domains such as smarter detection, cyber security, robotics and forensic research. This step enables more and easier collaboration on innovation and new technologies.

Career - 28.09.2023
Mindfulness is a powerful tool to reduce workplace stress SFU study finds
In the fast-paced corporate world where stress can be an unwelcome colleague for many employees, SFU researchers have found that mindfulness can reduce workplace stress by helping to narrow employees' views of work tasks as threats. Research looking at the role of mindfulness in the workplace conducted by SFU Beedie School professor Lieke ten Brummelhuis and PhD candidate Mariana Toniolo-Barrios is published in the journal Personality and Individual Differences.

Computer Science - 28.09.2023
Addressing Copyright, Compensation Issues in Generative AI
  A team in the School of Computer Science's Generative Intelligence Lab collaborated with Adobe Research and the University of California, Berkeley, to develop two algorithms to help generative AI models take important steps on these issues. The first algorithm prevents these models from generating copyrighted materials, while the second develops a way to compensate human creators when models use their work to generate an image.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 28.09.2023
Cosmic Web Lights Up in the Darkness of Space
Like rivers feeding oceans, streams of gas nourish galaxies throughout the cosmos. But these streams, which make up a part of the so-called cosmic web, are very faint and hard to see. While astronomers have known about the cosmic web for decades, and even glimpsed the glow of its filaments around bright cosmic objects called quasars, they have not directly Galaxies in our universe condense out of swirling clouds of gas.

Health - Physics - 28.09.2023
Wearable Patch Wirelessly Monitors Estrogen in Sweat
Wearable Patch Wirelessly Monitors Estrogen in Sweat
The sex hormone commonly known as estrogen plays an important role in multiple aspects of women's health and fertility. High levels of estrogen in the body are associated with breast and ovarian cancers, while low levels of estradiol can result in osteoporosis, heart disease, and even depression.

Life Sciences - Health - 28.09.2023
Decoding the complexity of Alzheimer’s disease
By analyzing epigenomic and gene expression changes that occur in Alzheimer's disease, researchers identify cellular pathways that could become new drug targets. Alzheimer's disease affects more than 6 million people in the United States, and there are very few FDA-approved treatments that can slow the progression of the disease.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 28.09.2023
X-rays may tell us more about the origins of visiting space rocks
X-rays may tell us more about the origins of visiting space rocks
A research team led by a Yale astronomer has some advice for our next close encounter with a wandering, interstellar object. Check its X-rays on the way out. Since 2017, when a mysterious space rock known as -Oumuamua was spotted passing through Earth's solar system, researchers have become increasingly aware of the likelihood that interstellar objects cross through the solar system with some regularity.

Health - 27.09.2023
Risk of premature birth from smoking while pregnant more than double previous estimates
Cambridge researchers have found that women who smoke during pregnancy are 2.6 times more likely to give birth prematurely compared to non-smokers - more than double the previous estimate.

Pharmacology - Career - 27.09.2023
How a suction cup delivers medications to the bloodstream
How a suction cup delivers medications to the bloodstream
Researchers at ETH Zurich have developed a suction cup that allows medications to be absorbed through the mucosal lining of the cheeks. This new approach could spare millions of patients the pain and fear associated with injections. Many of today's medications belong to groups of relatively large molecules such as peptides.

Environment - 27.09.2023
Important Additional Driver of Insect Decline Identified
Important Additional Driver of Insect Decline Identified
Combinations of unfavourable weather conditions over several years can cause a decline in insect biomass. This is shown by a study published in "Nature" by a team led by Professor Jörg Müller. Insects react sensitively when temperature and precipitation deviate from the long-term average. In an unusually dry and warm winter, their survival probabilities are reduced; in a wet and cold spring, hatching success is impaired.

History / Archeology - 27.09.2023
New Rooms Discovered in Sahura's Pyramid
New Rooms Discovered in Sahura’s Pyramid
A remarkable archaeological breakthrough has been made with the excavation and restoration of rooms in the pyramid of Sahura. The discovered chambers are probably storage rooms intended to hold the royal burial objects. An Egyptian-German mission led by Egyptologist Dr. Mohamed Ismail Khaled of the Department of Egyptology at Julius-Maximilians-Universität of Würzburg (JMU) has made a significant discovery within Sahura's Pyramid.

Environment - 27.09.2023
Government policies work to reduce greenhouse gas emissions
Policies designed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions have been effective, however more stringent regulations are needed to limit global warming to the Paris temperature goals, finds a new analysis by UCL researchers of international efforts to fight climate change. The research, published in Annual Reviews of Environment and Resources , tracked the rate of greenhouse gas emissions over the last two decades against global efforts to reduce them.

Health - Life Sciences - 27.09.2023
AI-driven techniques reveal new targets for drug discovery
Researchers have developed a method to identify new targets for human disease, including neurodegenerative conditions such as Alzheimer's disease. The discovery of protein phase separation opens up new opportunities for drug discovery Michele Vendruscolo The research team, led by the University of Cambridge, presented an approach to identify therapeutic targets for human diseases associated with a phenomenon known as protein phase separation, a recently discovered phenomenon widely present in cells that drives a variety of important biological functions.

Mathematics - 27.09.2023
Wing-screen wipers: How self-cleaning cicadas could help us have cleaner cars
Self-cleaning cicadas could help design new tech which will make our cars cleaner, scientists say. A type of large insect known as a cicada is able to keep its wings clean of dust and dirt through a remarkable process which could be applied in modern technology. The texture of the cicada wing is unusually repellent to water - known as being "super hydrophobic".

Life Sciences - 27.09.2023
An easy way of making aquaculture more sustainable
Changing the way that carp are fed can substantially reduce the amount of ammonia they excrete compared to when they eat the same amount of food all at once. This finding is one of the outcomes of Wouter Mes's PhD research at Radboud University. Mes researched zebrafish and carp (the most commonly bred fish in the world) as part of his PhD.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 27.09.2023
Raw material requirements for reducing global poverty calculated for the first time
Researchers at the University of Freiburg quantify the amount of material needed to enable people to live without poverty 1.2 billion people live in poverty. To lift them out of it, an average of about six tons of raw materials are needed per person and year - in particular minerals, fossil fuels, biomass and metal ores.

Environment - Life Sciences - 27.09.2023
Improving US air quality, equitably
Study finds climate policy alone cannot meaningfully reduce racial/economic disparities in air pollution exposure. Decarbonization of national economies will be key to achieving global net-zero emissions by 2050, a major stepping stone to the Paris Agreement 's long-term goal of keeping global warming well below 2 degrees Celsius (and ideally 1.

Innovation - Physics - 27.09.2023
IFIC and ENRESA develop innovative technology to characterise radioactivity stored in nuclear waste bulks
IFIC and ENRESA develop innovative technology to characterise radioactivity stored in nuclear waste bulks
The Institute of Corpuscular Physics (IFIC, UV-CSIC) and the National Radioactive Waste Company (ENRESA) have developed a system to visualise the activity of waste stored in nuclear safety bulks. It is a technique that combines gamma ray tomography and artificial vision. Its portability and independence from the geometry of the radioactive waste allow complex tomographic reconstructions to be carried out, thus optimising nuclear waste classification processes.

Life Sciences - Health - 27.09.2023
First experimental study to propose a therapy to correct memory deficit caused by disorders in the fetal alcohol spectrum
Research conducted in a mouse model identifies the neurobiological mechanism responsible for alterations in the memory of young individuals exposed to alcohol during pregnancy and lactation. This study proposes a therapy that can reverse the deficit, paving the way for treating a disorder that is underdiagnosed in humans.

Social Sciences - 27.09.2023
Social media may increase the risk of teenage alcohol use and binge drinking
Teenagers who spend 30 minutes or more on social media every day may be more at risk of alcohol use and binge drinking, according to new research Teenagers who spend 30 minutes or more on social media every day may be more at risk of alcohol use and binge drinking, according to new research.