news 2023



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Environment - Economics - 27.09.2023
Toilets serve as concrete examples for industrial restructuring
Toilets serve as concrete examples for industrial restructuring
Through an innovative project in Sri Lanka, an EPFL researcher and a Sri Lankan researcher have demonstrated that construction practices in transition economies can operate more efficiently, sustainably and responsibly.

Economics - 19.09.2023
Manifesting your way to bankruptcy
Researchers from The University of Queensland have found people who believe in manifesting financial success are more likely to make risky investments and end up bankrupt. Dr Lucas Dixon from UQ's Business School led a project creating a 'manifestation scale' to explore the psychology behind the concept of achieving success through aspirational thinking.

Campus - Economics - 18.09.2023
AI Answers: CMU’s Rayid Ghani Testifies to Senate Committee
On Thursday, Carnegie Mellon University's Rayid Ghani testified as a witness during the U.S. Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee hearing entitled " Governing AI Through Acquisition and Procurement. "  Ghani, who graduated from Carnegie Mellon in 2001, is a Distinguished Career Professor in CMU's Machine Learning Department and the Heinz College of Information Systems and Public Policy.

Environment - Economics - 18.09.2023
Is there more to palm oil than deforestation?
Is there more to palm oil than deforestation?
Research team led by Göttingen University investigates consumer understanding of sustainable palm oil in Germany Palm oil is the world's most produced and consumed vegetable oil and everyone knows that its production can damage the environment. But do consumers have the full picture? In fact, replacing palm oil with rapeseed oil would require a four to five-fold increase in the amount of land needed.

Economics - 14.09.2023
How businesses recognize employee achievement impacts engagement, motivation and performance
New research shows that team-based recognition can be effective in settings where performance is highly interdependent, and teamwork is essential to the company's success. Businesses are becoming increasingly competitive as they fight to recruit and retain top talent. Recognition programs are widespread across businesses and workplaces, and are used to improve employee engagement, while motivating employee effort and performance.

Environment - Economics - 13.09.2023
Disrupting the myth of water abundance in Ontario
New research reveals half of our watersheds have a moderate to high potential for water risk Ontario may seem to be a water secure region, but new research out of the University of Waterloo challenges the myth of water abundance in the Great Lakes watershed. Using a first-of-its-kind risk analysis, researchers connected water quality, quantity, regulations and public concern to obtain a more comprehensive picture of water security at the local level.

Career - Economics - 12.09.2023
Collaborate or compete? The perils of returning to the office
A benefit of working in the office is that it can spur workers to put in more effort, as they are able to observe their colleagues working (and working hard) more easily. Remote work has become increasingly common thanks to the COVID-19 pandemic and left its mark on the Australian workplace, with  knowledge workers  such as accountants, engineers and IT specialists the ones who can and do work from home the most.

Economics - Innovation - 12.09.2023
Taking employees' fears seriously
Taking employees’ fears seriously
Digital transformation and the associated changes in operational processes can trigger fears among employees that have a negative impact on their engagement at work. Companies must actively counteract these fears to prevent transformation processes from failing. This is the conclusion of a study conducted by the Universities of Göttingen and Groningen on more than 1,000 employees in the finance organization of a multinational company in Germany.

Environment - Economics - 08.09.2023
Lack of evidence hampers progress on corporate-led ecosystem restoration
Lack of evidence hampers progress on corporate-led ecosystem restoration
A near total lack of transparency is making it impossible to assess the quality of corporate-led ecosystem restoration projects, a new study finds. The world's largest corporations have the potential to lift ecosystem restoration efforts to an unprecedented scale. But their involvement has to be managed with proper evidence and accountability, to make sure the outcomes are beneficial and fair for everyone.

Chemistry - Economics - 07.09.2023
Harnessing hydrogen’s potential to address long-haul trucking emissions
MIT researchers work to transform truck powertrain design, with support from the MIT Climate and Sustainability Consortium. Close The transportation of goods forms the basis of today's globally distributed supply chains, and long-haul trucking is a central and critical link in this complex system. To meet climate goals around the world, it is necessary to develop decarbonized solutions to replace diesel powertrains, but given trucking's indispensable and vast role, these solutions must be both economically viable and practical to implement.

Economics - 07.09.2023
What the wealthy consider ’fair’ may not be equal to others
Wealthy Americans have distinct preferences regarding fairness, with a greater willingness to accept inequalities relative to the general public, according to a new University of Michigan study. The findings, which appear in the Journal of Public Economics, provide new insights into the reasons behind the wealthy opposing government redistribution.

Environment - Economics - 25.08.2023
Study calls for improvements in climate protection
Study calls for improvements in climate protection
Carbon credits from avoided deforestation often fail to deliver what they promise Projects that reduce deforestation often sell carbon credits - for instance, to consumers purchasing airline tickets. However, over 90 percent of these project credits do not actually offset greenhouse gas emissions. This is the conclusion of a study conducted by the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam (Netherlands), the University of Bonn, the University of Cambridge (United Kingdom) and the European Forest Institute in Barcelona (Spain).

Environment - Economics - 24.08.2023
Voluntary carbon credits offset nothing more than hot air
Voluntary carbon credits offset nothing more than hot air
Projects that reduce deforestation often sell carbon credits, for example to consumers buying flight tickets. However, over 90 percent of these credits do not actually offset carbon emissions. That is the conclusion of environmental scientist Thales A.P. West, who is the main author of a paper that was published in Science.

Economics - 10.08.2023
Wives on the money when partner’s brain function declines
Women can competently take over financial decision-making when they perceive a decline in their husband's cognitive ability but the same can't be said for men, according to University of Queensland research. Dr Sarah Coundouris from UQ's School of Psychology led the study which tested the cognitive and financial decision-making abilities of 63 heterosexual married couples aged 60 and over.

Economics - 02.08.2023
How brands address getting called out on Twitter affects their bottom line
New research shows how social media engagement on Twitter impacts customer satisfaction In the digital age, a new Twitter strategy can have implications for a healthy bottom line. How companies handle customer complaints on social media plays a critical role in their customer-focused performance management systems.

Career - Economics - 24.07.2023
Employers should allow workers to break the rules - sometimes
When employees break the rules at work, they can land in hot water - but according to a new study from the UBC Sauder School of Business, bosses may want to think twice about cracking down on those who don't stick to the script. In the past, researchers believed that when employees broke the rules, they were doing it for malicious or self-serving reasons: for example, workers might steal, or take longer breaks than they're entitled to.

Environment - Economics - 20.07.2023
Palm oil plantations and deforestation in Guatemala: Certifying products as ’sustainable’ is no panacea
Study: Deforestation, certification, and transnational palm oil supply chains: Linking Guatemala to global consumer markets Cheap, versatile and easy to grow, palm oil is the world's most consumed vegetable oil and is found in roughly half of all packaged supermarket products, from bread and margarine to shampoo and toothpaste.

Environment - Economics - 19.07.2023
Protection of the rainforest also economically valuable
Researchers compare real forest losses with simulated agricultural decisions The destruction of the rainforest means not only loss of biodiversity, but also high social costs due to the release of greenhouse gases. Tropical forests sequester carbon from the atmosphere, helping to regulate the global climate.

Sport - Economics - 13.07.2023
Women’s soccer rated just as highly as men’s soccer
With the start of the Women's World Cup on July 20, the quality of women's football is once again in the spotlight. In this discourse, a new study provides interesting insights: According to the study, men's soccer is only rated significantly better when the gender of the players is clearly identifiable.

Environment - Economics - 13.07.2023
Research Examines Sustainability of Grocery Delivery
The COVID-19 pandemic saw a marked surge of e-commerce and online grocery delivery services that persisted past lockdown conditions. The latest work by Carnegie Mellon University College of Engineering researchers examined the impacts of grocery delivery on energy use, emissions and traffic congestion, and whether there might be a better way to manage and optimize deliveries.
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