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Astronomy / Space Science - Transport - 27.09.2023
NASA-Led Study Pinpoints Areas of New York City Sinking, Rising
NASA-Led Study Pinpoints Areas of New York City Sinking, Rising
Scientists using space-based radar found that land in New York City is sinking at varying rates from human and natural factors. A few spots are rising. Parts of the New York City metropolitan area are sinking and rising at different rates due to factors ranging from land-use practices to long-lost glaciers, scientists have found.

Transport - 31.08.2023
Tracking drivers’ eyes can determine ability to take back control from ’auto-pilot’ mode
A team of UCL-led researchers has developed a new method to determine the attention levels of drivers and their readiness to respond to warning signals when using auto-pilot mode. The research, published in Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications , found that people's attention levels and how engrossed they are in on-screen activities can be detected from their eye movements.

Transport - 30.08.2023
B.C. split on safety of self-driving cars - gradual introduction needed to build comfort among all road users
B.C. split on safety of self-driving cars - gradual introduction needed to build comfort among all road users
Business, Law & Society Lou Corpuz-Bosshart While self-driving vehicles (SDVs) are being hailed as a solution for safer, more efficient roads, new UBC research suggests British Columbians are not quite ready to embrace self-driving cars wholeheartedly - and will need a period of gradual transition before adoption.

Transport - Astronomy / Space Science - 30.08.2023
Autonomous innovations in an uncertain world
Jonathan How and his team at the Aerospace Controls Laboratory develop planning algorithms that allow autonomous vehicles to navigate dynamic environments without colliding. MIT Jonathan How's research interests span the gamut of autonomous vehicles - from airplanes and spacecraft to unpiloted aerial vehicles (UAVs, or drones) and cars.

Computer Science - Transport - 23.08.2023
Planning algorithm enables high-performance flight
Planning algorithm enables high-performance flight
With this new approach, a tailsitter aircraft, ideal for search-and-rescue missions, can plan and execute complex, high-speed acrobatic maneuvers. A tailsitter is a fixed-wing aircraft that takes off and lands vertically (it sits on its tail on the landing pad), and then tilts horizontally for forward flight.

Materials Science - Transport - 22.08.2023
Kirigami to make ultrastrong, lightweight structures
Kirigami to make ultrastrong, lightweight structures
Produced with techniques borrowed from Japanese paper-cutting, the strong metal lattices are lighter than cork and have customizable mechanical properties. Cellular solids are materials composed of many cells that have been packed together, such as a honeycomb. The shape of those cells largely determines the material's mechanical properties, including its stiffness or strength.

Innovation - Transport - 27.07.2023
VUB charging technology to make electric driving more pleasant and efficient
Anyone who sets off on holiday in their electric car needs to carefully plan their journey to avoid getting stranded without power along the way. Researchers at EPOWERS, a research group that works at the VUB MOBI research centre, have developed a technology that significantly extends the range of electric vehicles up to 1,000 km with a limited number of recharges.

Health - Transport - 13.07.2023
Airplane noise linked to next day heart health hospitalisations
Airplane noise linked to next day heart health hospitalisations
New research has investigated the potential impact of living near Heathrow airport on cardiovascular hospitalisations and deaths. The sound of airplanes flying overhead late at night is linked to a slight increase in hospital admissions for heart-related problems the following day, a study from Imperial College London suggests.

Environment - Transport - 06.07.2023
Climate-neutral air travel: Is it possible?
Climate-neutral air travel: Is it possible?
Researchers at the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI and ETH Zurich have performed calculations to work out how air traffic could become climate-neutral by 2050. They conclude that simply replacing fossil aviation fuel with sustainable synthetic fuels will not be enough. Air traffic would also have to be reduced.

Transport - Health - 07.06.2023
Low traffic neighbourhoods in London cut daily driving among residents by 1.3km
Residents in Lambeth started driving less once their area became a low traffic neighbourhood relative to those living in surrounding areas. This is according to a new study of the London borough of Lambeth, which found that annual driving by residents living in four new LTNs introduced in 2020 decreased by 6% in the two years since their introduction compared to other control areas.

Materials Science - Transport - 07.06.2023
New study could help unlock ’game-changing’ batteries for electric vehicles and aviation
Significantly improved electric vehicle (EV) batteries could be a step closer thanks to a new study led by University of Oxford researchers, published today in Nature . Using advanced imaging techniques, this revealed mechanisms which cause lithium metal solid-state batteries (Li-SSBs) to fail. If these can be overcome, solid-state batteries using lithium metal anodes could deliver a step-change improvement in EV battery range, safety and performance, and help advance electrically powered aviation.

Transport - 31.03.2023
Pushing clocks back Down Under does not increase road traffic accidents
As Australia moves to ST, losing an hour of light at the end of the day, a study suggests there is no evidence that the time change increases road accidents. This Sunday marks the end of -Daylight Saving Time- (DST) in eastern Australia as states revert to -Standard Time- (ST) losing one hour of light at the end of the day.

Environment - Transport - 27.03.2023
Vehicle exhaust filters do not remove 'ultrafine' pollution - new study
Vehicle exhaust filters do not remove ’ultrafine’ pollution - new study
Filters fitted to vehicle exhaust systems to remove particulate matter pollution have limited impact on ultrafine particles, new research shows. o 3 minute read Airborne particles from vehicle emissions are a major contributor to air pollution levels. Exhaust filters designed to mitigate this pollution have been a legal requirement in new cars since 2011, and in heavy duty vehicles since 2013.

Health - Transport - 20.03.2023
Using Modeling to Limit Infectious Disease Transmission at Airports and Train Stations
Using Modeling to Limit Infectious Disease Transmission at Airports and Train Stations
In crowded places, such as airports and train stations, social distancing is difficult to maintain and the risk of infectious disease transmission is increased. In order to reduce this risk, it is essential that we improve our understanding of the dynamics of disease transmission within such places and the effective mitigation measures that can be implemented at low cost.

Transport - 15.03.2023
Minimizing electric vehicles' impact on the grid
Minimizing electric vehicles’ impact on the grid
Careful planning of charging station placement could lessen or eliminate the need for new power plants, a new study shows. Close National and global plans to combat climate change include increasing the electrification of vehicles and the percentage of electricity generated from renewable sources. But some projections show that these trends might require costly new power plants to meet peak loads in the evening when cars are plugged in after the workday.

Transport - Health - 06.03.2023
Cheap charcoal air filters offer improvements to in-vehicle air quality
Cheap charcoal air filters offer improvements to in-vehicle air quality
A cheap charcoal air filter can reduce nitrogen dioxide (NO2) inside vehicles by as much as 90%, compared to levels outside the vehicle. Research presented in a report by WM Air, the West Midlands Air Quality Improvement Programme at the University of Birmingham, shows that charcoal filters, which costs around 10-20, can effectively remove NO2 from the air within vehicle cabins.

Transport - 15.02.2023
Where do stolen bikes go?
An experiment in Amsterdam reveals how pilfered bicycles are put to use. Close Amsterdam is one of the most bike-friendly major cities in the world. That also means the city is a happy hunting ground for thieves, who steal tens of thousands of bikes per year - a substantial chunk of the estimated 850,000 or so that Amsterdam residents own.

Transport - 14.02.2023
Calculate collision risks: The standing bearing as a basis
Calculate collision risks: The standing bearing as a basis
Prof. Darius Burschka learned it from sailors Calculate impending collisions of flying drones or cars in traffic in advance and thus avoid them: That is the goal of Darius Burschka. To do this, the professor at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) tracks every point of an image taken by the cameras of a drone in the air or a vehicle on the road.

Transport - 13.02.2023
Traffic flow on A4 Leiden improved by driving advice
Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences Building 23 Stevinweg 1 2628 CN Delft Room: 4. Will traffic flow improve when motorists are assisted in their choice of main or parallel lanes? The answer is yes. Rijkswaterstaat, TU Delft and Zuid-Holland Bereikbaar conducted a pilot project in collaboration with Flitsmeister in the past months.

Transport - Microtechnics - 31.01.2023
Autonomous steering system keeps human drivers engaged
Autonomous steering system keeps human drivers engaged
Researchers from EPFL and JTEKT Corporation have developed an automated driving system based on the concept of 'collaborative steering', which aims to increase transportation safety, efficiency, and comfort by encouraging active interaction between autonomous vehicles and their human drivers. Autonomous driving technologies have already been integrated into many mass-produced vehicles, providing human drivers with steering assistance in tasks like centering a vehicle in its lane.